The great teacher of Daito Ryu AikiJujutsu 大東流合気柔術 , Sokaku
Takeda 武田 惣角 , taught many students in his career. Eighteen of his best students in his early career were
presented with Kyoju Dairi (教授代理, "representative instructor") many of these
instructors became very well known, and founded lineages and schools of Daito
was one of
these pupils of Takeda sensei. Despite Toshimi Matsuda's influence, and esteemed position as a pioneer of Daito Ryu, very little has
been written about this man and the influence his art and teaching practice has
Sokaku Takeda accompanied his friend who was the former Akita police chief who
was transferred to Hokkaido. Takeda made
Hokkaido the center of his teaching career for the next 20 years. Out of the Northern prefecture of Japan many of the great Daito Ryu teachers would meet and train with Sokaku Takeda and learn the art from him.
‘Hosaku’ Matsuda 松田敏美was born in 1895 or 1896.
One source claims he was born
Hosaku, and Toshimi was his pen name he later adopted. Toshimi Matsuda lived in Asahikawa City,
Hokkaido. By some reports he was a
military officer. Toshimi began training
in June of 1928 at the age of 33. An entry
has his name in the Daito Ryu logs at this time. He then later received the kyoju-dari
certificate from Sokaku Takeda in August 1929.
Toshimi ‘Hosaku’ Matsuda 松田敏美
(Either his starting date is incorrect, or he
was an exceptional student because a kyoju-dari is quite an advanced grading at
that point in history. Only 18 people
received this grading from Takeda. While
dojo heads were only authorized to teach in their own schools, a kyoju-dari was
authorized to teach at other schools as well.)
some point in his training he must have known or trained at the same time as famed
Kodo Horikawa, founder of the Kodokai – also a resident of Hokkaido. Seigo Okamoto of the Roppokai says his
teacher, Horikawa Kodo, often spoke about Toshimi Matsuda.
After receiving his teaching
license Matsuda taught the art in the Asahikawa City, Hokkaido by opening a dojo, the
Group photo at Shobukan松武會
his teaching career Matsuda sensei produced many students. Some carried on his direct line of Daito
Ryu. The man that became his direct
successor was Takeshi Maeda. Other
students of Toshimi Matsuda went on to form their own styles of jujutsu based
on his teachings. Several Korean names
have been documented among his students, and some of these went on to contribute
to the growth of Hapkido in Korea. In
the 1930's, up until around 1936, he was the Daito Ryu teacher of Okuyama
Yoshiharu (Yoshiji) also known as Ryuho Okuyama, founder of Hakko-ryu Ju-jutsu.
two men that are probably best known for carrying on the art and Daito Ryu
legacy of Matsuda Sensei are Takeshi Maeda and Ryuho Okuyama. At this time I cannot find information about the passing of Toshimi Matsuda. What is clear about his life and art, is that he was tremendously influential and a great many artists and arts have descended from his practice.
On the Japanese language wikipedia I uncovered this information. The automatic Google translation defiantly garbled some kanji in the translation. Although the English language wikipedia claims there are 4 major lines or traditions, the Japanese claims 9.
Matsuda Toshimi 1895 around ~ unknown.Real name, good harvest.Hokkaido Asahikawa teach the Daito-ryu Aiki Jiu Jitsu by opening the Shobukan dojo in.Disciples was teaching Daito-ryu Aiki Jiu open the Neri-shin Museum dojo in Gunma Prefecture Omama-cho, Takeshi Maeda , Hokkaido Obihiro teach at Motonobu Hall dojo of Motonobu Takarada , other hakkō-ryū of founder Okuyama Ryu-ho (even after Takeda studied), and the famous Taoism Aiki surgery with an electrically引術(Doke Doko surgery) Masao Hayashima there are such.
“It is not
“Shuchu-ryoku” (“focused power”), I believe that it is to make the opponent
non-resistant upon touch. Extend Ki through the contact point, transmit from
the Tanden to the feet and put the opponent in a condition in which they are
unable to move. After that, they may be thrown or taken down at will. I was
taught by my teacher Toshimi Matsuda “Don’t put in power!”. One must remember
the feel of taking the teacher’s hand and then absorb it through their own
process of trial and error. In my case it took about thirty years.”
Matsuda, through his work, often had the opportunity to travel to the capital
from Asahikawa.It seems that he took advantage of these opportunities to place in
a newspaper an advertisement announcing lessons for DaitoRyu AikiJujutsu.By reading this, Maeda became interested and visited Matsuda
sensei who was staying in a hostel in Asakusa.
observing Matsuda perform techniques Maeda became interested and asked to
become a student.Maeda had then no experience in
koryu, his only experience was having practiced the Kodokan Judo. Thereafter, when he went to Tokyo, Matsuda
sensei led the training of Daito Ryu in
the same hostel.Maeda
was a pharmacist. He had the opportunity
to travel to a meeting of the Federation of pharmacies in Sapporo, and when the
event was over, he extended his trip to Asahikawa to receive teaching from Matsuda
sensei at the Shobukan dojo.At the rate of one week per
month, Maeda sensei could learn Daito Ryu with Matsuda sensei whenever it went
to Tokyo for business.In addition, Maeda sensei made
a stay for one week dojo at the Shobukan in Asahikawa.Thus,
by repeating these periods a week of practice, he learned the art.Until the late '20s, for members of Daito Ryu, there was no daily
training at the dojo, all training was in seminars or private lessons.
forms of Daito Ryu that Maeda sensei taught Matsuda sensei were close to the
old forms taught by Takeda sensei students to various locations. What in the education received Maeda sensei method, we learn the Daito Ryu Aiki Jujutsu through five groups of techniques, from tower to tower Ikkajo (first group) to Gokajo (fifth group).These steps were already important in learning and training at the time of Takeda Sokaku and Toshimi Matsuda. In the aftermath of the war, Maeda sensei who had returned to his hometown of Omama in Gunma Prefecture, took the estate of a pharmacy and opened a dojo Renshinkan to teach Daito Ryu.He also toured teachingin the prefectures of Nagano, Gunma and Tochigi.It even came to pick a vehicle of Self-Defense Forces to ask him to make a demonstration of Daito Ryu in a military barracks in the Gunma prefecture in 1963.Of budoka from various schools also rendered him even though he did not put forward on the stage of the martial arts world tours.Notably, Kenji Tomiki sensei, student Morihei Ueshiba and in relation to the Kodokan, asked to see the real Daito Ryu.
Ryuho Okuyama (奥山龍峰) –八光流柔術Hakko-Ryu Jujutsu
Okuyama was an instructor of Daito Ryu Aikijujutsu which he studied from two people: Kyoju Dairi Matsuda (Toshimi) Hosaku and later Takeda Sokaku himself. In 1938 Okuyama finished his studies with Takeda and published a martial art text called Daito-ryu Goshinjutsu (The Daito System of Self-Protection), later founded the Dai-Nippon Shidokai (Greater Japan Way of the Samurai Association) and began teaching what he called Daito Hiden Shido (Secret Daito-Ryu Way of the Samurai). Okuyama's first Dojo was located in Asahikawa and was called Nippon Shidokai Ryubukan. In 1939 he moved to Kanda and opened another dojo called Dai Nihon Shidokai. This marked the beginning of the split from Daito-ryu, as by this time Takeda was very old and his son Tokimune was still very young. Seeing no place for advancement in the Daito-ryu school, and being a skilled medical and martial person, Okuyama began to form his own system based on Daito-ryu Jujutsu and Daito-ryu Aiki no jutsu as well as his experience in other forms of bujutsu.
Okuyama, Maeda and Minami Haizan - teacher of shiatsu to Okuyama
Maeda sensei had good relationship with Okuyama sensei. Maeda was at Okuyama's side when he founded the Hakko Ryu. I ha e even seen some reports that in the early days of Hakko Ryu, Maeda sensei would travel and teach at Hakko Ryu trainings. Maeda ended up becoming the direct successor to the Toshimi Matsuda Daito Ryu lineage, while his friend Okuyama went on to focus on his own organization and art.