Sunday, August 21, 2016

Elements of Aiki throws

When learning and teaching throws and throw mechanics, it is sometimes useful to break down the throw and analyze it in detail.  Often when there is a problem with the throw, knowing the broad elements can help someone find and fix the problem areas of their throws.

Elements of a Judo Throw

Judo theorists have divined that there are three major parts or elements in the execution of a throw/ nage waza.

1. Kuzushi   - the breaking of balance, crumbling the structure/ creating asymmetry in the structure of the partner.
2. Tsukuri - entry, or building the relationship and architecture of a throw. 
3. Kake 掛け- execution of the technique - literal - in the midst of

While these elements are typically written in a numerical order, they often happen in differing orders or a chain of elements. Common ideas about sequences might look like...

1) kuzushi-tsukuri-kake
3) kuzushi-kuzushi-kuzushi
4) tsukuri-kuzushi-kake

These elements are a fine general description for the elements in Ju throws.  However, in Aiki we are often dealing with a different set of variables and throw mechanics.

After a great deal of thought, I have categorized my own list of elements of Aiki throws. 

Elements of an Aiki throw

1. Awase   blend/ meet/  joint together
2. Musubi    join/union/connecting 
3. Kuzushi  to collapse/ crumble/ disorganize/ unbalance
4. Hanasu す to release/ to let go/ to set free/ to turn loose

                                           Awase  せ 
 From inverted mouth 亼 and mouth 口, two people talking. Meaning united.

 In judo techniques the throw might begin with the opponents already grappling, and linked closely together.  There is often a battle for favored grips on the jacket, but usually the range is very close.  In aiki waza, the range between opponents tends to start further away until the attack is initiated. 

In aiki waza, the time of the two partners coming together is the awase phase of  technique development.  The central idea of awase is to merge with the opponent's energy and attack and take control.  Awase is not blocking energy or defending against the motion and energy of the attacker.  Awase is merging into power and motion and disabling it and leading it into new shapes.

In order for awase to be effective (Aiki),  the elements of musubi and kuzushi must also be present.  In many ways, awase IS all three elements of blending, connection and balance breaking.  However, I find it useful to separate them into smaller parts, while remaining mindful that we are trying to achieve all these elements in one motion.

From thread 纟糸 and phonetic 吉. Meaning to tie.
Before physical connection, the aiki student and the attacker are separate bodies in motion hurling together in a potentially devastating clash of matter and energy trying to occupy the same space. The skillful aiki artist, however, connects to and blends (awase) with the energy hurling towards them. The two individual structures of the human being now become more unified,and the two people become one four-legged structure. The aiki artist can cause his opponent to need to lean on him for support, so as the aiki man moves, his opponent must follow.  Any time two people touch and become interdependent on each other for balance, musubi is being created. The two people often lose their individual centers of gravity and gain a common or shared one. This joining together of the centers is what I consider to be musubi 結び.

I had one Japanese friend, who was an aikidoka and Daito Ryu student, say he did not like the use of this word for aiki.  He felt it had more Shinto implication, like connection to the universe or the Gods.  I have, though, heard it used by other aiki folks that corresponds to my use and definition.

Here is a little film I shot trying to teach the concept.  I hope you find it useful.

From mountain 山 and phonetic 朋. Meaning avalanche.

Kuzushi is a Japanese term for unbalancing an opponent in the Japanese martial arts. It refers to not just an unbalancing, but the process of putting an opponent in a position where his stability, hence the ability to regain balance for attacking and defense is impaired or destroyed.  Typically this is demonstrated by a structure displaying asymmetry or being forced into taking recovery steps because the center of balance is moving over the base of support. 

Lowry sensei of the Kaze Uta Budo Kai has made an essential series on aikido and judo kuzushi and connection.  

From hand 攵攴 and phonetic 方. Meaning to put.

While at the intro level of judo they teach kake, or the execution of the throw, typically this is action based, one person throwing another.  However, advanced judoka sometimes say there is no kake. If you have off balance and fit in, the throw happens on it's own.  Kake happens.  In the aiki world, the state of having the kake just happen comes from a relaxed shaping of lines of direction.  This is hanasu.

In the aiki world, I see most artists struggling with this concept of hanasu.  Even the most advanced artists often 'throw'.  In my own estimation, though, this is still jujutsu creeping into developing aiki. The very best aiki is hanasu, or relaxed releasing of the opponent into a place they must fall to.

While I myself am still a struggling student, I offer this film as both a good and bad example.  My hanasu has improved dramatically in the past decade.  Most of my techniques are done with a relaxed arm, or relaxed whipping arm.  When my techniques are sweetest, it looks like my opponent is just falling off of me.  When I am not doing it as well, it looks like I am throwing him.

I hope you found something useful.  Track me down if you want to chat about it or train someday.

Walk In Peace,


Thursday, December 3, 2015

Sagawa Daito Ryu Films

There are nine branches of Daito Ryu lineages.  These are coming from the following teachers.

1. Takeda Tokimune
2. Hisa Takuma
3. Sagawa Yukiyoshi
4. Horikawa Kodo
5. Yoshida Kotaro
6. Morihei Ueshiba (preWWII Daito Ryu)
7. Hosono Tsunejiro
8. Matsuda Toshimi
9. Yamamoto SumiYoshi 

Sagawa Yukiyoshi 佐川 幸義

One of the famous students of the founder of Daito Ryu was Sagawa Yukiyoshi.  I have found his school is hard to get into, and they are secretive.  Until lately I did not think any films coming from this lineage were available.  While no public films have been released of Sagawa himself, many of his students have made short recordings.  For my own research records I have decided to gather them here,  Hopefully these films can give a glimpse into the world of Sagawa Daito Ryu.

The following 3 films show one of Sagawa's top students.  Keisatsu Yoshimaru,

Sagawa student Yasue Kunio, who also studied aikido under Seigo Yamaguchi.  Now he teaches his own form of Chrisitan aikido (hence the robes)

Yasue Kunio claims to have started Daito Ryu under Matsuda Toshimi, but then went on to study with Sagawa,

Monday, August 24, 2015


The aiki path has been challenging to me of late.

I lost my dojo's lease at the end of April.  This ended the chapter known as Austin Budokan.  I loved that place and the people that filled it.  Alas, change is the only constant.  

I have been working hard on building a private dojo for the past couple years.  In truth it was a mother in law house, but she decided to make other plans after I committed myself to the project.  A few of us have been getting together and working out in the debris of the build.  Unfortunately the new dojo is much further south so the regular crew I had at the old dojo is now cast to the winds.

Over the summer I was blessed with the chance to teach a few seminars.  I continue to enjoy this aspect of the art.  

I am trying to recommit myself to the blog.  I need to go through it and update/delete old posts and continue to strive to develop new material.  Please shout out any encouragement.  It is hard to get the writing engine going again.  

Anyhow...for the 2 readers I used to have that are still around, I'm hanging in there.

Tuesday, May 5, 2015

Iaido in Austin - Araki Mujinsai Ryu

Interested in the art of the Japanese sword? In south Austin there is a group training in the art iaido, drawing of the sword. It is essentially an art of drawing and cutting with the sword in a smooth and efficient manner.

wikipedia says-

Iaido (居合道 Iaidō), abbreviated with iai (居合), is a modern Japanese martial art/sport.
Iaido is associated with the smooth, controlled movements of drawing the sword from its scabbard or saya, striking or cutting an opponent, removing blood from the blade, and then replacing the sword in the scabbard. While new practitioners of iaido may start learning with a wooden sword (bokken) depending on the teaching style of a particular instructor, most of the practitioners use the blunt edged sword, called iaitō.

Specifically this art is Araki Mujinsai-Ryu Iaido 荒木無人斎流居合道, a koryu samurai style that is over 400 years old. We have direct connection to the teachers in Japan.

                                                              Araki Mujinsai Ryu headquarters
Mike Ross - head instructor
We are holding classes on Sundays 10am-12pm

        at Rising Sun Aikido in South Austin
        1600 W Stassney Ln Austin, TX 78745
Please contact Robin Winter for more information

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

Daito Ryu Workshop at Windsong

Last winter I had the honor of leading a workshop at the Windsong winter intensive.  Lowry sensei asked me to share some of the Daito Ryu I had learned in my time in Japan.  I really love teaching and sharing principles of aiki.  I am grateful to have had the chance to share.